His mother Coatlicue, an earth goddess, conceived him after having kept in her bosom a ball of hummingbird feathers (i.e. However, much of what we know about Aztec civilization and culture has been learned from their art. Sculptures of the Gods were an important aspect of Aztec religious expression. A similar rite was held on the 16th month, Atemoztli." Her face is generally fleshless and her hands and feet are very often depicted with claws." Stone Aztec gods. Aztec sculptors did not create many over-sized heads and these depicted deities rather than living people. He was especially revered at Texcoco . Huitzilopochtli was the Aztec Sun and War God. Aztec sculpture often represented gods and mythical creatures, and it was commonly expressed through ceramics, architecture, freestanding three-dimensional stone works, and relief work. Sculptures of deities. Shop for aztec gods art from the world's greatest living artists. Statues were placed before altars - essential features of every Aztec household - and were made to adorn shrines and temples or to be set up in the open air. For instance, the ‘Tlaloc Vessel’ is a ceramic pot that was discovered in the ruins of the Templo Mayor (Aztec Temple) in Tenochtitlan.Historians believe that the pot dates from around 1470. The famous head of Coyolxahqui, the Aztec Moon Goddess, is an outstanding example. (183) $74.99. This resplendent piece of art is the only known surviving headdress of its kind. Hummingbird of the South. He journeyed towards the east, whence, he prophesised, he would one day return. Due to the loss and deterioration of much Aztec Art, sculpture is not only the most durable and possibly impressive, but also the most important. Temples to Aztec gods were constructed to insert these gods in a position above local deities. She is also called Lady Precious Green. Political gain and domination over conquered people had a large influence in Aztec art in this way. Great Aztec Temple. Further, the sculptures of Chalchiuhtlicue are also indicative of the style of clothes and head-dress often worn by Aztec Women: a long wrap-around skirt and worn over a simple top and shoulder-cape called quechquemitl. Unlike his twin, however, Xolotl is traditionally given negative attributes, which is evident in his physical form as well as how he is symbolized elsewhere. name, therefore, meant the Resuscitated Warrior of the South. Patterns moved from geometric to naturalistic, often depicting geographical features or native plants and animals. 00 These can be found throughout central Mexico. These depict a wide variety of natural and sacred objects. 5 out of 5 stars (340) 340 reviews $ 20.00. Surrounding the central disc are 4 squares, each representing one of the previous eras of history. Feathers were also attached to shields and capes of Aztec warriors. Artwork from this period carries several themes. Many things influenced the design and composition of Aztec art. As the empire grew, patterns moved from geometric to naturalistic. She was also the patron of fisherman and other who made their living from water. According to Aztec mythology, Xolotl was a deity normally associated with Quetzalcoatl, one of the most important gods in the Aztec pantheon. Quetzalcoatl head, Teotihuacan. Coastal regions depicted fish and marine life in their artwork. As such Tlaloc was "not only highly revered, but he was also greatly feared. Females kneeling with hands on knees. (http://www.spots.ab.ca/~atiera/aztec.htm), He is most often characterised by "coiled snakes which form a mask around his eyes and mouth and by his curved fangs. As well as being the God of Fertility, Spring and New Growth, Xipe Totec was one of the four creator gods. Earrings and sculptures were commonly made form pottery. The aggressive warrior culture of the Aztec people is also clearly displayed in its artwork. Aztec art is known to have shown realistic expression of characteristics such as age and expression. Aztec metalwork shows great skill in both filigree and casting techniques. Artists were well regarded, and held privileged positions within society. These, in turn, became more naturalistic. Huitzilopochtli (pronounced Weetz-ee-loh-POSHT-lee) was the … © Danny Navarro - Detail of an Aztec Feathered Headdress. to the arrival of the Spanish. Aztec God of Death, Mexico Day of the Dead Ceramic Sculpture. (White Tezcatlipoca) Xipe-Totec, god of agriculture, fertility, seasons, metalsmiths, and disease, rule of East (Red Tezcatlipoca) Huitzilopochtli, god of war, sun, human … Old stone Aztec gods close to. He is also associated with the planet venus, the discovery of corn and the invention of writing. Mayan Serpent Plaque Aztec Maya Inca Sculpture Statue Pre-Columbian Pottery Art Although many pieces of Aztec metalwork were melted down by later inhabitants, some still survive. The Olmec civilization flourished around 1200–400 BC. Aztec`s `Gift of the Gods` - Coral red blooming bromelia in botanical garden. Here we profile some of the most important gods for you, and provide a downloadable feature for each one, beautifully produced and researched for us by Julia Flood. Huitzilopochtli, Father of the Aztecs. Despite that, artwork was not signed but instead was considered the collective work of the Aztec people. Realistic depictions of the natural world. This signifies the cultural importance of agriculture and corn among the Aztec people. Angel Ceron Artisan Association. He is most often associated with death, suffering and sacrificial self-mutilation. These are all reflections of local animals that were familiar to the Aztec people. The hairstyle is also representative of that which Aztec Women wore: loose everyday and braided for special occasions such as festivals. As such, on top of the Great Temple at Tenochtitlan were two sanctuaries of the same size; one was dedicated to Huitzilopochtli (the Aztec Sun and War God), and one was dedicated to Tlaloc. Traditionally, Huitzilopochtli was thought to have been born on the Coatepec Mountain, near the city of Tula. According to the "divinatory calendars, Tlaloc was the eigth ruler of the days and the ninth lord of the nights. He was equal in rank to Huitzilopochtli and one of the most ancient in Mesoamerica dating back to the Teotihuacan Culture (third to eigth centuries b.c.). The importance of this Goddess is exemplified through this use jade and reference to it since jade was more precious than gold to the Aztecs. These sacred pieces range from small, intricate metalwork to monumental stone carvings. Stone sculpture was a major type of Aztec art, and Aztec sculptors surpassed their earlier Mesoamerican ancestors in technical and aesthetic abilities.Th ey spent days carving wall sculptures to be placed within their temples. God of Water (1300-1521). Aztec pottery frequently adorned temples of their gods. Use to carve: Stone. In a unique tradition, all household goods (including pottery) were destroyed in the New Fire Ceremony every 52 years. (In Spanish, it is called a tortill… Occasionally masks were made form pottery, although other materials were more common. His characteristic attire consists of a pleated paper fan worn at the back of the head (amacalli, 'house of paper'), ear plugs and a head-dress set with precious stones which [often] represent water." Further, the priests wore a flayed skin of human sacrifices in the same manner, symbolising the regeneration of plant life every spring. Known at the black-on-orange design, this characterizes late period Aztec pottery. Mighty Tlaloc, Rustic Ceramic Sculpture of Tlaloc from Mexico. It was this legend that Moctezuma II recalled and, it seems, believed, so that when Cortes landed in Mexico in 1519 Moctezuma thought him to be the returning Quetzalcoatl.". Sculptures of the Gods were an important aspect of Aztec religious expression. You can see artwork from towering sculptures of stone to intricate turquoise carvings, all produced by local artists. Masks such as the one shown here are very common and were possibly placed over the faces of the dead. Ehecatl may be distinguished by his beak-like mouth and conical hat. - [Voiceover] So this god, the Earth god, would have had this sculptural relief facing him, that is, facing down to the Earth. The art of the Aztecs did not develop in isolation. It is typical of an agrarian culture uncertain and dependant on rainfall and water with no irrigation system to place such importance on a god of this kind. Metalwork was a popular form of art among the Aztec. Common threads run through the history of Mesoamerican art. Expanding trade spread Aztec influence and also brought new ideas and techniques to the empire. Not all carving was done from stone. Certain illnesses, such as dropsy, leprosy, and rheumatism, were His other names included Xiuhpilli (Turquoise Prince) and Totec (Our Lord). These sculptures reflected the values and beliefs of the Aztec religion and were part of complex rituals. During the sixth month, Etzalqualiztli, the rain priests ceremonially bathed in the lake; they imitated the cries of the waterfowls and used magic "fog bells" (ayauhchicauaztli) in order to obtain rain. the soul of a warrior) that fell from the sky. The Aztec emperors received art works as tribute or the artists sold them in the great marketplace at Tlatelolco. The Aztec civilization occupied much of what is now central Mexico during the 14th – 16th centuries. The Aztec view was spread throughout conquered territories through art and architecture. "Quetzalcoatl ruled over the days that bore the name ehecatl ("wind") and over the second 13-day series of the ritual calendar. He was also the ninth of the 13 gods of the day-time hours. The most accomplished sculptors in the Aztec empire carved impressive images of the gods, often of large size, for display in temples and public spaces in Tenochtitlan’s Sacred Precinct. It belongs to a large group of Indian languages, which also include the languages spoken by the Comanche, Pima, Shoshone and other tribes of western North America. For example, while the gods of water and vegetation all wore similiar head-dresses, the colours would differ. He is depicted with a sword-like tongue, holding a heart in each hand. Stone carvers created sculptures of the Aztec gods … Local flora and fauna were common subjects of Aztec metalwork and small carvings. As such, much of the surviving Aztec art is based on different Aztec gods. Thus the people were constantly aware of the forces which governed the universe and their lives. With his followers he crossed the valley of Mexico, passing between the volcanoes Iztaccihuatl and Popocatepetl, and continued to the Gulf of Mexico, where he set himself alight and was reborn as the Morning Star. ANCIENT AZTEC Gods - aztec art - FRONT print - mayan - ancient mexican history - gods of life and death by kiVuU kiVuUdesigns. The Aztec used pictographs to communicate through writing. [This is exemplified in the image below.]) As stated above, Aztec religion and gods were central to Aztec art. No matter the materials or subject matter, these common characteristics largely define Aztec art. He is most often portrayed as emerging from the feathered serpent, and, as such, is symbolic of the rise of the morning star, and the symbiosis of heaven and earth. Stone sculptures often depict deities, with statues ranging in size from miniature to monumental. The grand city of Tenochtitlan contained some of the finest examples of Aztec sculpture, from its temples and pyramids to its elaborate stone palaces. The central disc of the Sun Stone is devoted to the sun god Tonatiuh. Basalt cinnabar coated. The drawings of the god… She and her brothers and sisters defeated Huitzilopochtli at his birth. The geography of what is now Mexico is brought into art through the incorporation of local flora and fauna. Children were sacrificed to Tlaloc on the first month, Atlcaualo, and on the third, Tozoztontli. Also, in many cases, art was used by the Aztecs as a form of propaganda. As the Goddess of Fresh Water, Chalchiuhtlicue presided over rivers, lakes, streams, and other forms of freshwater. Since it was a military empire and new city-states and tribes were constantly brought into the fold of the empire, the gods and goddesses of these tribes and city-states were also included in the Aztec pantheon. 4.5 out of 5 stars (14) 14 reviews $ 19.90 FREE shipping Only 3 available and it's in 1 person's cart. Further, the Aztec rulers claimed to descend from the Toltec royal line, and thus, implicitely also from Quetzalcoatl. We know about Aztec religious practices because of information found in these sculptures. Black, red, and orange coloring of pottery. He had many different associations; he was one of the four 'creator gods'; he was associated with birth and renewal, the breath of life, and, as such, in other forms and personality as Ehecatl, the wind god. Tezcatlipoca was the 10th of the 13 Lords of the Day, was associated with day 1 Death, and especially worshipped during Toxcatl, the 5th month of the 18-month solar year. Choose your favorite aztec gods designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! Images of Quetzalcoatl abound in Mesoamerica from the beginning of the Olmec period (around 1200 b.c.) Much of the artwork attributed to the Aztec civilization depicts or honors deities. The name Quetzalcoatl means 'precious twin', but also 'feathered or plumed serpent', which is the form in which he is most often and most importantly represented. The Aztec spoke a language called Nahuatl (pronounced NAH waht l). Pottery was artistic as well as utilitarian in Aztec society. The people of the empire had an appreciation for a wide variety of insects, birds, fish and animals. Much of the art produced was reserved for nobility and wealthy members of Aztec society. These masks are still being made in Mexico today. Animals and geographic features were incorporated into designs more frequently. - [Voiceover] On the bottom of this sculpture we have the Earth Lord, or Tlaltecuhtli. Both the statue and the base upon which it sits are covered in carvings of sacred and psychoactive organisms including mushrooms ( Psilocybe aztecorum ), tobacco ( Nicotiana tabacum ), Ololiúqui ( Turbina … These were glued or sewn into figurative designs which identified the social status of the bearer. Featherwork was reserved primarily for people of nobility or great wealth. These show a strong geographical influence in their intricate detail and remarkable craftsmanship. Her closed eyes suggest a death-portrait depicting the aftermath of a decapitation. Other female maize deities, generally depicted wearing elaborate headdresses, are also common. Many things influenced the design and composition of Aztec art. (http://www.lonelyplanet.com.au/dest/cam/graphics/mex21.htm). The geography of what is now Mexico is brought into art through the incorporation of local flora and fauna. The Tlaloque, it was believed, could send down to the earth different kinds of rain, beneficent or crop-destroying. Lifelike representations of people. It carries many themes that are present in other Mesoamerican art, such as that from the Olmec, Maya, and Toltec civilizations. Front view. QUETZALLI meaning feathers and precious, and COATL meaning serpent or twin. Xipe Totec was also the patron of Goldsmiths. You can read more here about Aztec symbols.Of course, a lot of the art that has been preserved was religion related. As a matter of fact, Xolotl was regarded to be the twin of Quetzalcoatl. Aztec/Mexica Gods Welcome to our section on Aztec/Mexica Gods! This style, called Aztec III black-on-orange, featured designs in orange and black, often on a white background. His nagual, or animal disguise, was the eagle. Ancient Aztec Gods Stone Statues Runs Steps Templo Mayor Mexico City Mexico. These sculptures were carved and then set in a hidden place or carved on the underside of stone boxes and chacmool sculptures. Statues of gods, some monumental in size, have been relatively well preserved. From shop kiVuUdesigns. This may have reflected a cultural desire to conquer all – even death and despair. Aztec Mayan Inca Art Reproductions The art of Central and South America from 1800 BC to 1500 AD, prior to the arrival of European colonizers, is genially called Pre-Columbian Art. Aztec Mayan Mexican Tiki Idol God Figurine Black Iridescent Obsidian -Tribal Statues-Tribal Art-Gods-Aztec- Mayan-Prehispanic Gods SacredRoseHerbRoot. Following is only a collection of some of the Aztec Gods and Goddesses. said to be caused by Tlaloc and his fellow deities. The Aztec Font font has been designed taking into consideration the typical geometry present in Aztec system of writings and architectures: trunked pyramids, circle plots, rectangular shapes, basically simple shapes merged together creating the letter shape. These are some examples of artwork produced throughout the Aztec civilization. Tlaloc bestowed on them an eternal and blissful life in his paradise, Tlalocan.("http://www.spots.ab.ca/~atiera/aztec.htm). It is through scuplture, and the portrayal of the gods that we gain a better understanding of Aztec religion. (183) $59.99. Further, these clothes and hairstyles are also indicative of social class within Aztec Society. Aztec Goddess. Coyolxauhqui, a night goddess decided to kill him, but he exterminated them with his weapon, the xiuhcoatl ("turquoise snake")."(http://www.spots.ab.ca/~atiera/aztec.htm). For example, the influence of religion is clearly visible in the art produced by the Aztecs. Males sitting with their knees drawn in and with their arms crossed around. For instance, one of the most famous Aztec artworks is the Statue of Mictlantecuhtli who was one of the Aztec gods. Early rigid and rectangular designs gave way to more graceful, curved patterns. © Jeff Stvan - Stone Mask - Head of Aztec God Xipe Totec. This allows historians to understand the development of pottery throughout the reign of the Aztec empire. The gods were often depicted, and they themselves often resembled animals of various kinds. Aztec featherwork was perhaps the most skilled of all their art forms. Huitzilopochtli: He hurled lightning upon the earth and unleashed the devastating hurricanes. He could send out the rain or provoke drought and hunger. These specialized pieces were made by highly respected artisans called Amanteca. In the mid-19th century, a 16th-century Aztec statue of Xochipilli was unearthed on the side of the volcano Popocatépetl near Tlalmanalco. Statues were placed before altars - essential features of every Aztec household - and were made to adorn shrines and temples or to be set up in the open air. All aztec gods artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. (Baquedano 1984:). The Aztecs had not only their own gods, but gods they had adopted as a result of the capture of other cities. He was the god of priests, goldsmiths, and other craftsmen,and learning and crafts, and also the god of twins. Bold colors and sharp, angular carvings reflecting the aggressive warrior culture of the Aztec people. Some of the pictures symbolized ideas and others represented the sounds of the syllables. Expanding trade spread Aztec influence and also brought new ideas and techniques to the empire. Every 52 years these calendars would coincide, and the Aztecs would offer sacrifices to Tonatiuh with the New Fire Ceremony. Feathers were woven into intricate and incredibly ornamental cloaks and headdresses. Art has long been used for propaganda purposes, and the Aztec civilization was not an exception. Aztec font. Food: The principal food of the Aztec was a thin cornmeal pancake called a tlaxcalli. Green jade ornaments are often shown decorating her skirt and symbolise water:[hence the name] 'Lady of the Jade Skirt'(chalchiuitl=jade or precious stone and cueitl=skirt). Inspired by Xiuhpōhualli, a 365-day calendar used by the Aztecs and other pre-Columbian Nahua peoples in central Mexico. A different historical source tells of how Quetzalcoatl and his followers setr out over the sea on a raft made of serpents. 12" Aztec Maya Mayan Solar Sun Stone Calendar Statue Sculpture Wall Plaque Xiuhpohualli Tonalpohualli Mesoamerican Mexican Mexico Ancient Aliens Chariots of the Gods Art 004 5.0 out of 5 stars 2 $44.00 $ 44 . Coatlicue statue-one of the most famous surviving Aztec sculptures.It is a 2.52 m tall andesite statue by an unidentified Mexica artist.Although there are debates about what or who the statue represents,it is usually identified as the Aztec deity Coatlicue ("Snakes-Her-Skirt").National Museum of Anthropology.Mexico City.The statue was most likely completed in 1439 or 1491, although these dates … Angel Ceron Artisan Association. (Baquedano 1984:19). Mexico. A lot of their art reflected this. It is carved from a solid piece of basalt, formed from solidified lava. His brothers, the Centzon Huitznaua (Four Hundred Southerners), stars of the southern sky, and his sister Similarly, Aztec sculpture was also heavily influenced by religion. The sculptures of Chalchiuhtlicue are characterised by a youthful visage and figure typically shown in the kneeling position, and a "head-dress consisting of three bands tied at the back of the head and fringed top and bottom with discs representing amaranth seeds (amaranth was an important constituent of the Mesoamerican diet, providing protein); a large tassel hangs down at each side of her face. Quetzalcoatl, god of the life, the light and wisdom, lord of the winds and the day, ruler of the West. The variety of materials used in Aztec art is vast. The Olmec, Maya, Toltec, and Zapotec civilizations, amongst others, perpetuated an artistic tradition which displayed a love of monumental stone sculpture, imposing architecture, highly decorated pottery, geometric stamps for fabric and body art, and breathtaking metalwork which were all used to represent people, animals, plants, gods and features of religious ceremony, … The Aztecs had a polytheistic system of beliefs in which they worshiped multiple gods and goddesses.. Worshipers have headdresses/other ornaments. Coyolxauhqui was the daughter of Coatlicue and the Goddess of the Moon and the Night. Many surviving pieces depict animals such as ducks, monkeys, snakes, and Jaguars. They have been chosen for their representation in sculpture, importance to Aztec religion and also to aid an understanding of their history and myths. In general, the stone sculptures were created to represent their gods or the sacrificial victims. This is possibly due to the fact that "Xipe Totec was originally a deity of the Zapotec and Yopi Indians in the present states of Oaxaca and Guerrero, an area believed to be particularly rich in gold."(http://www.spots.ab.ca/~atiera/aztec.htm). Jaguars, ducks, monkeys, snakes, deer, dogs - all these were common themes. Although he was generally listed as one of the first-rank deities, no ceremonial month was dedicated to his cult. Piercings, jewelry, and other small pieces have been found. Symmetrical. The agricultural god, Xipe Totec, is found in many Aztec carvings and sculptures. Quetzalcóatl, Mexican Ceramic Skull Sculpture with Quetzalcóatl. Five months of the 18-month ritual year were dedicated to Tlaloc and to his fellow deities, the Tlaloque, who were believed to dwell on th mountaintops. Coral red blooming bromelia in … Perhaps the most well-known stone sculpture is the massive Aztec Sun Stone. The importance of this god to the Aztecs is represented by the sheer number of statues found. Aztec featherwork survives primarily as depicted in other art forms. Estimated price: 500,000 to 600,000 euros. The sculptures represented images of gods of large size for display in temples and public spaces in Tenochtitlan’s main temple, the Aztec capital city. Aztec sculpture of 37.5 cm. A limited number of pieces can be found in museums. This is surrounded by a sacred calendar of 260 days. "(http://www.spots.ab.ca/~atiera/aztec.htm) As such, Huitzilopochtli is usually represented as a Hummingbird or as a Warrior with armour and helmet made from the feathers of hummingbirds. He was most often shown wearing a flayed human skin, and his full face with open mouth and closed eyes represented death to the Aztecs. The statue is of a single figure seated upon a temple-like base. Also, in many cases, art was used by the Aztecs as a form of propaganda. The next ring is a solar calendar representing a 365-day year. Every god and it's sculpture were instantly recognisable. Aztec artists showed people in amazingly lifelike detail. From shop SacredRoseHerbRoot. Particular dress, regalia and colours typified each god, and often groups of gods. Carved in the fifteenth century, this stone disc weighs 25 tons and is 12 feet across. The 13th month, Tepeilhuitl, was dedicated to the mountain Tlaloque; small idols made of amaranth paste were ritually killed and eaten. Tezcatlipoca won the conquest and, as a result, Quetzalcoatl is said to have left Tula in 987. Females and males have grave expressions - Aztec beauty/strength. These objects were made for the gods and not for humans, and, in Tlaltecuhtli's case, the images faced the earth they represent. The god, being the supreme deity, was closely linked with Aztec rulers and so was a major feature of coronation ceremonies. She was closely associated with Tlaloc, the God of all Water, and has been described alternately as his Wife, Sister, or Mother, and, like him, needed to be placated in order to assure the continual need for water. Perhaps the most famous piece of Aztec feather work is the Penacho of Moctezuma II on display in Austria's Weltmuseum Wien. The walls of the great Tenochtitlan Templo Mayor are covered with carvings of Aztec symbolism. In Aztec drawings, gods were often depicted or priests dressed as gods performing religious ceremonies and rituals. Various kinds also attached to shields and capes of Aztec art is based on aztec sculptures of gods Aztec gods stone statues Steps! And COATL meaning Serpent or twin II on display in Austria 's Weltmuseum.. Stone statues Runs Steps Templo Mayor are covered with carvings of Aztec god of death, Mexico Day the! Of natural and sacred objects, as a warrior with armour and helmet made the. 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