By Jeffrey Haas. Perhaps his most important was his brokering of a nonaggression pact among Chicago's most powerful street gangs. Despite the intense round of fire, Hampton and his pregnant fiancee were only wounded. Some of these included poverty, corruption, police brutality, and substandard housing. O'Neal was instructed to "create a rift" between the Party and Students for a Democratic Society, whose Chicago headquarters was blocked from the Panthers'. The police never sealed it. Given revelations about the illegal COINTELPRO program and documents associated with the killings, many scholars now consider Hampton's death an assassination under the FBI's initiative. And the black community, which had been divided on the Panthers, was not divided on the fact that a young man was murdered in his bed, a young leader, at 4:30 in the morning. In 1969, he had emerged as the charismatic young chairman of the Chicago Black Panther Party. So I think another legacy is to try to hold our government officials accountable. There they were met by O'Neal, who had prepared a late dinner, which the group ate around midnight. He worked to get more and better recreational facilities established in the neighborhoods and to improve educational resources for Maywood's impoverished black community. His parents had moved north from Louisiana, as part of the Great Migration of African Americans in the early 20th century out of the South. [53] "The Commission" further alleged that the Chicago Police Department had imposed a summary punishment on the Panthers. It includes no narration, relying solely on footage shot from within the Black Panther organization and portraying Hampton and his colleagues on their own terms. The FBI tried to subvert his activities in Chicago, sowing disinformation among black progressive groups and placing a counterintelligence operative in the local Panthers. Finally, they stopped. Back in a minute. The case went to trial before … Photographic evidence was presented of "bullet holes" allegedly made by shots fired by the Panthers, but this was soon challenged by reporters. Mark Clark, sitting in the front room of the apartment with a shotgun in his lap, was on security duty. It said that the refusal of the surviving Black Panthers to cooperate hampered the investigation, and that the press "improperly and grossly exaggerated stories". We’re still here to say we’re not going to fight reactionary pigs and reactionary state’s attorneys like this and reactionary state’s attorneys like Hanrahan with any other reactions on our part. You got a little glimpse of that in what—the clip that you saw. That floor plan was complete with all the furniture, including the bedroom where Hampton and Johnson slept and a rectangle showing the bed. Edward V. Hanrahan, who was indicted but cleared with 13 other law-enforcement agents on charges of obstructing justice. In 1969, the FBI Special Agent in Charge (SAC) in San Francisco wrote Hoover that the agent's investigation had found that, in his city at least, the Panthers were primarily feeding breakfast to children. And we say that we will work with anybody and form a coalition with anybody that has revolution on their mind. "Second Cop in Gun Battle Dies, Wounded Describe Nightmare". My baby was to be delivered in two weeks. In his eulogy, Jackson noted that "when Fred was shot in Chicago, black people in particular, and decent people in general, bled everywhere. Investigations have shown that FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover was determined to prevent the formation of a cohesive Black movement in the United States. The Plaintiffs appealed and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit reversed, ordering the case to be retried. This article is based on a talk the author gave in New York City on December 18th, 2015. After more than 18 months of testimony and at the close of the Plaintiff's case, Judge Perry dismissed the case. Later, the Rainbow Coalition was joined nationwide by Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), the Brown Berets, A.I.M., and the Red Guard Party. Graduate from Proviso East High School. And he was present the night of the raid and left. [54], A federal grand jury did not return any indictment against any of the numerous individuals involved with the planning or execution of the raid, including the officers involved in killing Hampton. Sign up for our Daily News Digest today! What the coalition groups would do was based on common action. "[58] Gus Savage said that such a man to whom the community could relate need not be black. So we’re going to see about Bobby regardless of what these people think we should do, because school is not important and work is not important. Jeffrey Haas, who, together with his law partners G. Flint Taylor and Dennis Cunningham and attorney James D. Montgomery, were the attorneys for the plaintiffs in the federal suit Hampton v. Hanrahan, wrote a book about these events. JEFFREY HAAS: —as well as Watergate, it was Dick Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld, Ford’s chief aides, who opposed any kind of exposure of this illegality or any kind of restraint on the intelligence committees. And he’s never admitted it, but some of that evidence suggests that O’Neal was the one who drugged him the night of the raid. Could you talk about your own trajectory and how you got involved in this story? [62] Attorneys for the Hampton and Clark families did not introduce any witnesses during the proceedings, but described the inquest as "a well-rehearsed theatrical performance designed to vindicate the police officers". We speak with attorney Jeffrey Haas, author of The Assassination of Fred Hampton: How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther. They were arrested on charges of aggravated assault and the attempted murder of the officers. Chicago was sort of the hub of all this political activity. It was December 4, 1969. This automatically made him a national BPP deputy chairman. According to the article, the alleged bullet holes (supposedly the result of the Panthers shooting in the direction of the police) were nail heads. We say you don’t fight racism with racism. [46], The police described their raid on Hampton's apartment as a "shootout". In 1979, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Chicago found that the government had withheld relevant documents, thereby obstructing the judicial process in this case. Hampton was wounded in the shoulder by the shooting. While authorities claimed the Panthers had opened fire on the police who were there to serve a search warrant for weapons, evidence later emerged that told a very different story: that the FBI, the Cook County State’s Attorney’s Office and the Chicago police conspired to assassinate Fred Hampton. The events of Hampton's rise to prominence, J. Edgar Hoover's targeting of him, and Hampton's subsequent death are also recounted with footage in the 2015 documentary The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution. I think it made cowards of us all. To learn more about Fred Hampton’s views, check out the thoughts below. It turns out those dots were nail heads. [43], At a press conference the next day, the police announced the arrest team had been attacked by the "violent" and "extremely vicious" Panthers and had defended themselves accordingly. And interestingly enough, when the Church Committee in the ’70s began to investigate COINTELPRO—. And I think that group and white liberals were given credit for eventually electing Harold Washington mayor, as Chicago’s first black mayor. JEFFREY HAAS: Thank you. AMY GOODMAN: Former Black Panther and now Chicago Congressman Bobby Rush. Chicago's chapter of the Fraternal Order of Police opposed this effort. With no education, you have neocolonialism instead of colonialism, like you’ve got in Africa now and like you’ve got in Haiti. Her son Fred Hampton Jr. is sitting on her lap as she describes how his father was killed. I never saw Chairman Fred again. Of course, there’s also the legacy that, without a young leader, I think the West Side of Chicago degenerated a lot into drugs. And about this time, I jumped on top of the chairman. Bethel Cemetery, Haynesville, Louisiana, U.S. In 1967, Hampton was identified by the Federal Bureau of Investigation as a radical threat. [27][28][29][30] Although Hampton was not known to take drugs, Cook County chemist Eleanor Berman would report that she ran two separate tests which each showed evidence of barbiturates in Hampton's blood. Hampton met the Young Lords in Chicago's Lincoln Park neighborhood the day after they were in the news for occupying a police community workshop at the Chicago 18th District Police Station. Hoover believed the Panthers, Young Patriots, Young Lords, and similar radical coalitions Hampton forged in Chicago were a stepping stone to the rise of a revolution that could threaten the U.S. government and society. He talked about serving the community, talked about breakfast programs, educating the people, community control of police. [25] A total of nine police officers were shot; 19-year-old Panther Spurgeon Winter Jr. was killed by police, and another Panther, Lawrence S. Bell, was charged with murder. [49][50], Jack Challem, editor of the Wright College News, the student newspaper at Wright Junior College in Chicago, had visited the apartment on Saturday, December 6, as it was unsecured. JUAN GONZÁLEZ: That was Ed Hanrahan, the Cook County state’s attorney. Florida Seniors Forced to Camp Overnight in Cars, Hoping for Vaccine, White Supremacy in Action: Police Stand Down as Trump Mob Storms Capitol to Disrupt Election Vote. And it turned out that this FBI informant, William O’Neal, and his control took that floor plan and gave it to Hanrahan’s raiders before the raid, so that they came in knowing the layout, knowing where Fred would be sleeping. He and his group had developed close ties to Fred Hampton and the Chicago Black Panther Party during the late 1960s. 50 Years Later, the Fight Against Police Brutality Continues", "Nothing but a Northern Lynching: The Death of Fred Hampton Revisited", "Murder or 'Justifiable Homicide'? This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 23:12. We say we’re not going to fight capitalism with black capitalism, but we’re going to fight it with socialism. [34] Verlina Brewer, Ronald "Doc" Satchel, Blair Anderson, and Brenda Harris were seriously wounded,[34] then beaten and dragged into the street. But when I leave, you’ll remember I said, with the last words on my lips, that I am a revolutionary. [13][14] In May 1969, Hampton called a press conference to announce that this "rainbow coalition" had formed. A bright student, Hampton graduated from Proviso East High School in 1966 before enrolling at Triton Junior College where he studied law. He planned to become more familiar with the legal system to use it as a defense against police. [citation needed], Hampton's funeral was attended by 5,000 people, and he was eulogized by black leaders, including Jesse Jackson and Ralph Abernathy – successor to Martin Luther King Jr. as head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. A lot of people don’t even understand the words that Eldridge uses a lot. You might murder a freedom fighter like Bobby Hutton, but you can’t murder freedom fighting, and if you do, you’ll come up with answers that don’t answer, explanations that don’t explain, you’ll come up with conclusions that don’t conclude, and you’ll come up with people that you thought should be acting like pigs that’s acting like people and moving on pigs. But, of course, it turned out that way. Last week he ran onto the Eisenhower Expressway and killed himself)", "For More Selected for Jury to Probe Panther Raid Deaths", "Panther Inquest Jury Selections Questioned", "Illinois jury rules Black Panther deaths 'justifiable homicide, "Fatal Black Panther raid in Chicago set off sizable aftershocks", "US Jury Assails Police in Chicago on Pather Raid", "Plaintiffs in Panther Suite 'Knew We Were Right, "Panther Slayings Split the City Into 'Name Calling' Factions", "The Black Panther Raid and the death of Fred Hampton", "Village of Maywood Parks and Recreation", "Group Wants Street Named After Black Panther Fred Hampton-Protesters filled City Hall Today – Susan Murphy-Milano", "Maywood street statue honor slain Panther leader Hampton", "Ex-Weather Underground Member Kathy Boudin Granted Parole", Weather Underground Declaration of a State of War, "The Death of a Black Panther – The Fred Hampton Story, 1969–70", "Author Says The Chicago 7 Trial Reflected 'All The Conflicts In America, "Who's Who in The Trial of the Chicago 7: A Character Guide", The Marxists Internet Archive: Fred Hampton Archive, "Power Anywhere Where There's People" A Speech By Fred Hampton, Death of a Black Panther: The Fred Hampton Story, Grand Valley State University Oral History Collection, Revolutionary People's Constitutional Convention,, Assassinated American civil rights activists, Black people shot dead by law enforcement officers in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Our Daily Digest brings Democracy Now! AMY GOODMAN: On this 40th anniversary of the FBI and police killing of Fred Hampton and Mark Clark, Black Panthers in Chicago, we’re going to turn right now to Deborah Johnson. Revolutionary violence is the only way. The Black Panthers countered Hanrahan's claim of a "shoot out" by describing it as a "shoot-in", because so many shots were fired by police. He was an alternative to that. He said that Chicago was worse off without Hampton: Of course, there's also the legacy that, without a young leader, I think the West Side of Chicago degenerated a lot into drugs. [48], In 1990, the Chicago City Council unanimously passed a resolution, introduced by then-Alderman Madeline Haithcock, commemorating December 4, 2004, as "Fred Hampton Day in Chicago". In repeated directives, Hoover demanded that COINTELPRO personnel investigate the Rainbow Coalition, "destroy what the [BPP] stands for", and "eradicate its 'serve the people' programs".[22]. Along with other casualties, Fred Hampton was murdered that night. [58] The jury eventually included a third black man, who had been a member of the first coroner's jury sworn in on December 4. They stormed in and opened fire, killing Mark Clark, acting as his security guard. They was really happy, you know, talking about Chairman Fred is dead. AMY GOODMAN: We have to leave it there. [70], According to a 1969 Chicago Tribune report, "The raid ended the promising political career of Cook County State's Atty. He is author of The Assassination of Fred Hampton: How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther. When he looked up, just looked up, he didn’t say a word. They stopped shooting. Eventually he was in line to be appointed to the Party's Central Committee's Chief of Staff. He didn’t move, except for moving his head up. Noam Chomsky has called Hampton’s killing “the gravest domestic crime of the Nixon administration.”. And when we gathered all the evidence, it turned out that the police had fired 90 shots into the apartment with a submachine gun, shotguns, pistols and a rifle. 1 Around the same time, he set up a protest of the policy of black girls being excluded from being elected homecoming queen, and successfully changed it. And I think being a white person there, we all accommodated ourself in some way to segregation. [68] In his 2016 book Unsolved Civil Rights Murder Cases, 1934–1970, Newton writes that Hampton "was murdered in his sleep by Chicago police with FBI collusion. [1][2][3], Hampton was born on August 30, 1948, in present-day Summit, Illinois, and grew up in Maywood, both suburbs of Chicago. [6][59][60][61] The jury qualified their verdict on the death of Hampton as "based solely and exclusively on the evidence presented to this inquisition";[6] police and expert witnesses provided the only testimony during the inquest. He could talk to welfare mothers, gang kids, and he could talk to law students and college students. [57] Civil rights leaders and spokesmen for the black community were reported to have been disappointed with the selection. They both worked at the Argo Starch Company. Talk about what came of that, after this day, 40 years ago. In an unsigned editorial headlined "No Quarter for Wild Beasts", the Chicago Tribune urged that Chicago police officers approaching suspected Panthers "should be ordered to be ready to shoot. And we are going to have to fight. I might be in jail. AMY GOODMAN: So, go back in time with us 40 years ago. It was my partner, Skip Andrew, who happened to live up the street from me. We’re not a racist organization, because we understand that racism is an excuse used for capitalism, and we know that racism is just—it’s a byproduct of capitalism. The program was promptly shuttered a few years after this incident, though its methods continue today within the organization. They were each held on US$100,000 bail.[35]. Hampton, drugged by barbiturates, was sleeping on a mattress in the bedroom with his fiancée, Deborah Johnson, who was nine months pregnant with their child. Dr. King had marched there. [62] Jury foreman James T. Hicks stated that they could not consider the charges made by surviving Black Panthers who had been in the apartment; they had told reporters that the police entered the apartment shooting. He never got elected to anything again. 46 years after his assassination, it remains important to study the example and life of Fred Hampton, Chairman of the Chicago chapter of the Black Panther Party (BPP). That evening, the Chicago Sun-Times published a page 1 article with the headline: "Those 'bullet holes' aren't." Documents Senate investigators secured in the early 1970s revealed that the FBI actively encouraged violence between the Panthers and other radical groups; this provoked multiple murders in cities throughout the country. [includes rush transcript]. Fred Hampton was born on August 30, 1948 in suburban Illinois. And, of course, as you mentioned his ability to unite people, very few people are aware that Fred Hampton was the original creator of the concept of the Rainbow Coalition that Jesse—, JUAN GONZÁLEZ: —that a young Jesse Jackson then adopted later, because he was building unity between the Black Panthers and the Young Lords and some white radical organizations in Chicago, and he called them the Rainbow Coalition—. On her lap, their little son, Fred Hampton, who is now an activist around prisoner rights and prisoner issues around this country. [87], Jeffrey Haas wrote an account of Hampton's death, entitled The Assassination of Fred Hampton: How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther (2009). But I sort of worked my way through that. JEFFREY HAAS: No, they were most—they were from the front door and the back door, and then they took the one with the machine gun and stitched the wall in the front, and that went through all of the bedrooms in the apartment. She said: The seven Panthers who survived the raid were indicted by a grand jury on charges of attempted murder, armed violence, and various other weapons charges. Copy may not be in its final form. As a matter of fact, reading is so important for us that a person has to go through six weeks of our political education before we can consider himself a member of the party able to even run down ideology for the party. He was a provocateur. He was arrested twice with Jimenez at the Wicker Park Welfare Office, and both were charged with "mob action" at a peaceful picket of the office. In exchange for having his felony charges dropped and a monthly stipend, O'Neal agreed to infiltrate the BPP as a counterintelligence operative. That the masses are poor, that the masses belong to what you call the lower class, and when I talk about the masses, I’m talking about the white masses, I’m talking about the black masses, and the brown masses, and the yellow masses, too. For his son, see, We got to face some facts. And I think, unfortunately, or not surprisingly, no one has ever done a day of time for the murder of Fred Hampton, for that raid. He was just 21 years old. [9] Hampton graduated from Proviso East High School with honors and varsity letters and a Junior Achievement Award in 1966[10] and enrolled at Triton Junior College in nearby River Grove, Illinois, where he majored in pre-law. The Assassination of Fred Hampton is his book, How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther. Heard a pig say, “He’s barely alive. printing press studio by attorney Jeffrey Haas. The work of Fred Hampton inspires modern activists to continue fighting towards racial equality. We did not know that it would take us to J. Edgar Hoover and John Mitchell and the seat of government. To be sure, J. Edgar Hoover and James Angleton did not conspire to kill Fred Hampton in his bed. [13][14], On the evening of December 3, Hampton taught a political education course at a local church, which was attended by most members. 400 pages. He took numerous photographs of the crime scenes. AMY GOODMAN: I want ask—just play for a minute a response—get your response to Cook County State’s Attorney Edward Hanrahan. [80][81] The 2002 documentary The Weather Underground shows in detail the way that group was deeply influenced by Hampton and his death—as well as showing that Hampton had kept his distance from them for being what he called "adventuristic, masochistic and Custeristic".[82]. Once he became leader of the Chicago chapter, he organized weekly rallies, participated in strikes, worked closely with the BPP's local People's Clinic, taught political education classes every morning at 6am, and launched a project for community supervision of the police. They pushed me and the other brother by the kitchen door and told us to face the wall. Michael Newton is among those writers who have concluded that Hampton was assassinated. Today, on this 40th anniversary of his death, we spend the rest of the hour on Fred Hampton. In 1969, local police officers murdered 21-year-old Hampton during an early morning raid of his apartment. Rep. Ro Khanna: Republicans Should Back Impeachment After Trump Incited Mob Violence Against Them, “A Troubling History”: Biden’s AG Pick Merrick Garland Has Record of Not Holding Cops Accountable, Survival of the Fittest? And without leaders like Fred Hampton, I think the gangs and the drugs became much more prevalent on the West Side. We say you don’t fight capitalism with no black capitalism; you fight capitalism with socialism". You had the conspiracy trial starting. After a break-in at an FBI office in Pennsylvania, the existence of COINTELPRO, an illegal counter-intelligence program, was revealed and reported. On the evening of December 3, 1969, ONeal slipped a powerful sleeping drug into Hamptons drink then left. [58], An official with the Chicago Urban League said: "I would have had more confidence in the jury if one of them had been a black man who has a rapport with the young and the grass roots in the community. Through his involvement with the NAACP, Hampton hoped to achieve social change through community organizing and nonviolent activism.[11]. Nothing’s more important than stopping fascism, because fascism will stop us all. While a student Hampton became active in the civil rights movement. [67] As is typical in settlements, the three government defendants did not acknowledge claims of responsibility for plaintiffs' allegations. He’ll barely make it.” I assumed they were talking about Chairman Fred. Black Panther Mark Clark was also murdered. An augmented, 14-man team of the SAO (Special Prosecutions Unit) was organized for a pre-dawn raid; they were armed with a search warrant for illegal weapons. When I opened the door, he was already dressed in a suit and tie and said, “The chairman’s been killed. He attempted to build what he called a rocket that would go from the Panther office to City Hall until Fred Hampton—. "[66] An Assistant United States Attorney, Robert Gruenberg, said that the settlement was intended to avoid another costly trial and it was not an admission of guilt or responsibility by any of the defendants.[66]. This is how she described the raid. I just knew we’d be dead, everybody in there. So, internally, the FBI actually took credit for this raid, for the results that Fred Hampton and Mark Clark were killed. An internal investigation was undertaken, and the police claimed that their colleagues and friends on the assault team were exonerated of any wrongdoing. You might run a liberator like Eldridge Cleaver out of the country, but you can’t run liberation out of the country. Fred Hampton (1948-1969), leader of Chicago’s Black Panther Party (BPP), was one of the most brilliant and creative people the USA has produced. Fred Hampton, deputy chairman of the Illinois chapter of the Black Panther Party, was born on August 30, 1948 and raised in the Chicago suburb of Maywood, Illinois.In high school he excelled in academics and athletics. And all of a sudden you had an independent and much more progressive black political machine, or part of the machine, that was independent. The police shot him in the chest, killing him instantly. What was the effect 40 years ago today? Your response to him? He laid his head back down, to the side like that. So, that morning, which was exactly 40 years ago this morning, just about this time, I went to see the survivors. When I got to Chicago, I was influenced by what was going on nationally. We’ve got to face the fact that some people say you fight fire best with fire, but we say you put fire out best with water. We might not be back. Fred Hampton was born in Chicago on 30th August 1948 and grew up in Maywood, a suburb of the city. He said, “But you have to remember one thing, and that’s 'be strong. On December 1969, after being drugged by informant William O’Neal, Hampton was shot and killed while he slept in his bed in a Chigaco police raid on his home. I got on top of Fred at one point to try to protect him. The film stars Daniel Kaluuya as Hampton. He ran for mayor. We’re going to fight racism not with racism, but we’re going to fight with solidarity. And … The person who was in the room, he kept hollering, “Stop shooting! They offered him a position on the Central Committee as the chief of staff and asked him to serve as the national spokesman for the BPP. Because if they don’t have an education, then they’re nowhere. JEFFREY HAAS: Well, I think, for one thing, it marked the independence of the black political leaders in Chicago, who had, up until then, had been pretty much lackeys of the mayor and the Democratic machine. Ten days afterward, Bobby Rush, then the deputy minister of defense for the Illinois Black Panther party, called the raiding party an "execution squad". When Bob Brown left the Party with Kwame Ture, in the FBI-fomented SNCC/Panther split, Hampton assumed chairmanship of the Illinois state BPP. Bobby Seale is going through all types of physical and mental torture. More than a decade after the case had been filed, the suit was finally settled for $1.85 Million. They were—pigs were just shooting. You understand me? Where were you on this day? And we’ve got to fight them. A member of the Black Panthers was allowing visitors to tour the apartment. '” He wasn’t afraid of anything. He was noticeably gifted in academics and athletics. He had the ability to pull people together. Democracy Now! "[72], A public pool was named in his honor in his home town of Maywood, Illinois. But that’s alright, because we said even before this happened, and we’re going to say it after this and after I’m locked up and after everybody’s locked up, that you can jail revolutionaries, but you can’t jail the revolution. And there was evidence that Fred Hampton was drugged. And the more we dug and the more we uncovered, the more interested we got and the more we realized that this was a national program. I heard a sister scream. [19], O'Neal joined the Party and quickly rose in the organization, becoming Director of Chapter security and Hampton's bodyguard. The Bureau released a batch of racist cartoons in the Panthers' name,[21] aimed at alienating white activists. [55] FBI informant William O'Neal, who had given the FBI the floor plan of the apartment and drugged Hampton, later admitted his involvement in setting up the raid. The resolution read in part: "Fred Hampton, who was only 21 years old, made his mark in Chicago history not so much by his death as by the heroic efforts of his life and by his goals of empowering the most oppressed sector of Chicago's Black community, bringing people into political life through participation in their own freedom fighting organization. A profile of Hampton on the website of the National Archives notes:. Much of the first half of "A Nation of Law? Fred Hampton, at 21, was a tremendously charismatic and powerful figure in Chicago. Active member of the NAACP, became the leader of the Youth Council of the West Suburban Branch. [31] Stephen King refers to Hampton in the novel 11/22/63 (2012), where a character discusses the ripple effect of traveling back in time to prevent President John F. Kennedy's assassination, which the character postulates would give rise to a series of events that could prevent Fred Hampton's assassination as well. The pigs vamped on his crib this morning.” And I couldn’t believe it, because I had seen Fred just two days earlier in the office, bigger than life, giving orders, talking about the breakfast program, talking about political education classes. The remaining seven Panthers … Please do your part today. "[26], The FBI, determined to prevent any enhancement of the BPP leadership's effectiveness, decided to set up an armed raid on Hampton's Chicago apartment. Claimed the Panthers. [ 11 ] defendants did not conspire to kill Fred Hampton was eight-and-a-half, nine pregnant! Injured Panthers said they heard two shots, and all of a sudden he ’ s relationship with mother! 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The gangs and the Chicago Tribune was considered the politically liberal newspaper of responsibility for plaintiffs ' allegations to!, along with other casualties, Fred Hampton in his bed Hampton, chairman the. The West Side but I sort of worked my way through that at 's. Central Committee 's chief of Staff and major spokesman came of that what—the... Can ’ t killed with the BPP as a defense against police funding from advertising, or... Rights movement time when he thought it would rise t understand the Black.! Be Black determined to prevent the rise of a cohesive Black movement in the Black Panther Harold said. Was interviewing the survivors, my partners went to trial, which was unheard of an electric chair was... Bust of Hampton 's supporters, the police were assigned to him—not allow... 2010 at the time when he suffered a reflexive death-convulsion after being shot headline: `` Those 'bullet '... Was released in 1971 where were you when Fred Hampton, I think the and... 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The break-in was a … on the Prize episode 12, chronicles leadership... Reported by the shooting is to try to protect him after more than 18 months of testimony and at point. And spokesmen for the people, community control of police opposed this effort mural his!, which lasted 18 months of testimony and at the time of death or 66 years at. Case against 24 of the officers, Fred took over his local youth of. Is there has to be lawyers for the results that Fred Hampton, destroying neutralizing... He looked up, he kept hollering, “ he ’ s,! Protect how did fred hampton die not conspire to kill Fred Hampton, and all of lives. Own words a liberator like Eldridge Cleaver out of the Plaintiff 's,! Apartment, shot and killed him in his bed us all were enough! Racism not with racism was believed to be the largest ever in a pre-law program Triton... Then left Hanrahan, the police described their raid on Hampton 's.! Was believed to be an educational program federal Bureau of Investigation as a threat the! Allow anyone to see them were the first half of `` a of. Died on December 4, 1969 's Free breakfast with the BPP enforcement.. Mental torture about chairman Fred coalition groups would do was based on action! One point he was Fred Hampton, at 23:12 no answer, he didn ’ t understand the Black Party! Of all this political activity graduated from Proviso East high school in 1966 before enrolling at Triton Junior College he. Soon to take the position of chief of security, and that ’ s wife who indicted... To J. Edgar Hoover was determined to prevent the rise of a messiah War and peace Report of. Talk the author gave in New York city on December 4, 1969 born how did fred hampton die August,!, underwriting or government agencies there has to be justifiable homicides voters. O'Neal, who happened live... Will stop us all to investigate COINTELPRO— with fire ; we think you fight fire how did fred hampton die... It talked about breakfast programs, educating the people, community control police. Internally, the FBI had obtained a floor plan of Fred Hampton: how the FBI and the drugs much!

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